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FAIR, CARE, & TRUST Principles

The FAIR acronym and principles were defined in a March 2016 paper in the journal Scientific Data by a consortium of scientists and organizations

Wilkinson et al. (2016) established the guidelines to improve the Findability, Accessibility, Interoperability, and Reuse (FAIR) of digital assets for research.

Carroll et al. (2020) established the CARE Principles for Indigenous Data Governance.

Lin et al. (2020) created the TRUST pinciples for digital repositories.

Data Use Agreements

MIT model data use agreements


European General Data Protection (GDPR)


License Types

Creative Commons Licenses

Open Datacommons

Open Source Initiative Licenses


W3 ARIA Suite - Accessible Rich Internet Applications (ARIA)

Web Accessibility Evaluation Tools List


Mozilla ARIA

NVDA - screen reading software

JAWS - screen reading software

Data Repositories

Nature Scientific Data Repositories - Recommended - metalist of data repositories recommended for Nature science articles

Dryad – started as US NSF project, used for data sets of any type that correspond to a research paper.


EDUAT – network of European research organizations.

European Data Portal - a central point of access to European open data from international, European Union, national, regional, local and geodata portals.



G-Node - German Neuroinformatics Node

Harvard Dataverse – offers free storage of research data, owned by Harvard

Merritt - an open-source digital preservation repository maintained by the University of California Curation Center (UC3) at the California Digital Library (CDL).

Mendeley Data

NITRC - Neuroimaging Informatics Tools and Resources Collaboratory


Open Access Directory - curated list of open data repositories


Open Science Framework

PLOS Recommended Repositories


Registry of Research Data Repositories

The Winnower

Zenodo – EU-funded project by OpenAire, it is hosted by CERN. Useful for EU-funded projects because reports back to the EU research Participant Portal.

Protocols and Bench Techniques


Current Protocols

Gold Biotechnology Protocol list

JoVE - Journal of Visualized Experiments

Nature Protocols


Protocol Exchange

Protocols Online



Springer Nature Experiments

Software & Code Repositories

GitHub - most widely used version control platform for software and code development.

GitLab - version control platform for software and code development

Source Forge

Apache SubVersion

Agricultural Data Repositories

Berkeley Library Agricultural and Resource Economics

Data.World Data List

USDA Ag Data Commons - US Department of Agriculture data commons providing central access to USDA's Open Research Data

USDA Forest Service Data Clearinghouse

USDA Forest Service ArcGIS Data

World Bank Ag Data

Biological Data Repositories

European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) - European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI)

Global Biodiversity Information Facility

National Center for Biotechnology Information


Public Data on Commercial Cloud

Earth on AWS - The Registry of Open Data on AWS helps you discover and share datasets that are available via AWS resources.

Google Earth Engine

Microsoft AI for Earth Datasets

Microsoft Planetary Computer


Academic Torrents

US Government Data

US Government Public Data

EPA Data


USGS data

EU Government Data

European Space Agency Data

Copernicus Climate Data Store

Ecological Research Data Repositories

eBird - provides open data access in several formats to logged-in users, ranging from raw data to processed datasets geared toward more rigorous scientific modeling.

Environmental Data Initiative - repository for Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) network as well as community contributed datasets


Long Term Agricultural Research(LTAR)

National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON)

NCAR/UCAR data - National Center for Atmospheric Research / National Center for Atmospheric Research data archive.

US National Phenology Network

Earth Science Research Data Repositories

Multi-Mission Algorithm and Analysis Platform (MAAP)

NOAA data

UK Met Office data

Open Data Cube

Africa Regional Data Cube

Australia Open Data Cube

Brazil Data Cube

Public Data Sets

OpenStreetMap (OSM)

OSM US Forest Service



EDM Council



Nature Data Repository Guidance

Registry of Research Data Repositories (re3data)

PLOS data

Last update: 2024-02-28